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A brief overview of Buddhism

Buddhism is based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, the historical Buddha, an Indian prince living in the 5th century BC; the word Buddha is not a name but indicates the state of a mind that has reached the highest development. Having given up his material attachments, the Buddha achieved enlightenment, or nirvana, under a bodhi tree and proceeded to teach what he had learnt to a group of followers, from which it has eventually spread across the globe. However, Buddhism cannot be regarded as a religious revelation as the Buddha's teachings are the apprehension of eternal truths.

Buddhism is not a simple religion in the traditional way as it does not involve the conventional conception of God and denies the existence of an eternal and immutable soul. Instead, he taught the Four Noble Truths.

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